Katishoola, according to Ayurveda, is an illness characterized by lumbar paint. It is a sign of several illnesses such as Prushta Graha, Vataja shoola, Gridhrasi, and Tria graha, and is mostly caused by Vata dosha vitiation. Patients may have pain in the low back, thighs, or legs that spreads into the buttocks, muscular spasms, leg pain, or weakness. Shoola (pain) in lumbar spine is caused by Vata dosha vitiation and Dhatu Kshaya (malnutrition), whereas Srotas Avarodha (channel obstruction) is caused by vitiated Apana Vata dosha. The lower back also aids in the strength of the muscles involved in sensory functions in the legs, pelvis, and feet. Ayurvedic treatment for back pain attempt to improve a patient’s overall health.
Injury, condition, or disease are the most common causes of lower back discomfort. The following are a few of them:
• Fractures: Accidents such as falling from a heights can cause fractures in the spine.
• Disc problem:Disc bulge or disc herniation
• Structural issues: This condition occurs when the spinal column becomes too small for the spinal cord to fit appropriately. As a result, putting undue pressure on the spinal cord can cause sciatic nerve pain and lower back discomfort.
• Sprain: A spinal muscle sprain is commonly caused by an injury to muscles, tendons, or ligaments while undertaking heavy lifting.
• Spondylolisthesis: The spine’s vertebrae become displaced in this disorder, causing considerable pain.
• Improper posture and long sitting hours
The following are some of the most prevalent symptoms of katishoola:
Ayurvedic treatment for back pain consists of a strict diet plan, regular yoga, different medicinal massages, and ayurvedic medicines that aim to strengthen bones and muscles associated with the lower back. Treatment options include Panchakarma therapies, herbal decoctions, topical herbal pack applications, and a few diet advice.
• Abhyanga – Abhyanga ( massage) with medicated oil is performed all over the body, emphasizing the lower back. This massage aims to re-energize the lower back muscles
• Swedana – Herbal decoction steam in the steam chamber will be utilized to sweat out toxins and eliminate them from the body.
• Dhanyamla Dhara – Ayurvedic therapy has a unique feature called Dhanyamla Dhara. As part of this technique, a warm fresh prepared dhanyamla liquid will be poured over the affected area for some time.
• Pizhichil – Oil and heat therapy is combined in this treatment. As advised by the consultant, this treatment can be given from 1 week to 3 weeks.
• Vasti – Vasti is a procedure that helps to eliminate doshas from one’s body. Various herbal oil or decoctions are administered into the body via the anal region as enema.
• Shasthikashali Pinda Sweda – In this treatment, medicated (Shashtika type) rice is used for Pinda Swedana that helps in relaxing the stiff lower back muscles, increasing the blood flow in the affected area.
• Kati Vasti – After creating a dough ring over the afflicted area, a medicinal oil (lukewarm) is poured into the area. This is the most common treatment for back pain (katishool) in cases of poor posture, rigidity of the back muscles owing to inactivity, and lumbar muscle spasms. This treatment takes 15 days to complete in order to achieve optimum results.
Ayurvedic treatment for back pain are created based on the patient’s specific cause, involving vitiated doshas and prakruti . Depending on the individual’s circumstances, Ayurvedic treatment for back pain might last anywhere from 3 to 4 weeks to achieve optimum recovery during the treatment phase. The patient’s recovery could be accelerated if Ayurvedic consultants diagnose the cause along with the vitiated doshas and provide the best Ayurvedic treatment for back pain with diet and counseling.