Basti in Ayurveda is one of the most significant therapies in Panchkarma, or the “lord” of all Ayurvedic treatments. It is known as shodhana therapy, which cleanses all accumulated toxins from the body and is a very active treatment for all disorders caused by Vata imbalance, according to ancient Ayurvedic literature. The major element of Asthapana/Niruha basti is a decoction of herbs, whereas in Anuvasana basti, oil or another sneha (oleaginous material) is a vital part to allievate Vata dosha.
In Niruha basti, the decoction must be prepared by a trained Vaidya, and vaidya surveillance is essential throughout administration. In order for the basti dravya to reach the proximal colon as a homogeneous emulsion, it must apply optimal and consistent positive pressure while preserving particular basti-danakala time in the direction.
For kashaya Basti in Ayurveda, a mixture made up of honey, saindhav lavana, sesame oil, kalka(herbal paste), and warm kashay but prepared in the proper ratio specified in the texts. Oil basti is made up of several medicated oils blended with saindhav lavana per the patient’s Dosha and Prakruti.
The vaginal route is preferred to treat the diseases related to reproductive system in women, whereas the anal route is preferred treat other diseases in body in males and females both.
Vata is the primary dosha in Ayurveda, and when it is out of balance in the body, it can have serious health consequences. Vata can cause a number of ailments if it interferes with the body’s natural processes. To eliminate associated poisons and wastes from the body, Basti in Ayurveda employs the Vata dosha’s Anulomana (Natural direction of Vata). The large intestine is the primary location of the Vata, which is cleansed by basti. Basti in Ayurveda helps to balance the Vata dosha by removing toxins and waste from the dhatus.
it eliminates deviated doshas and it nourishes the body.
Many GIT illnesses, such as colitis and IBS, are caused by issues with the gut’s brain.
Vata dosha is responsible for the onset of all ailments. Basti in Ayurveda is still the most effective treatment for problems of the stomach and nerve system. Basti’s health benefits have been discussed in a variety of ways in the literature. In practice, Basti has successfully treated long-term constipation, Sciatica, Rheumatoid arthritis, Gout, Joint problems, Hemiplegia, Autoimmune disorders, PCOD, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Nerve and muscle Myopathy and Atrophy, Connective tissue ,Cardiovascular diseases and Autonomic disorders. It also aids in the normalization of the chakras, which helps to balance energy levels. It cleanses the body of non-essential chemicals and improves cellular metabolism. As a result, health can be achieved at any age.
Some conditions are not favorable for administration of basti: